BENJAMIN OF TIBERIAS, leader of Palestinian Jewry at the beginning of the seventh century C.E. At the time of the Persian invasion of Ereẓ Israel in 614, Benjamin appears to have been among the Jewish leaders who negotiated with the Persians; as a result of these contacts, the Persian armies received Jewish military support. Benjamin then considered the Christians to be the enemies of his people; however, when the armies of Heraclius, the Byzantine emperor, reconquered the country in 628, he was compelled to receive them on friendly terms. Benjamin, who was exceedingly wealthy, accomodated the emperor in Tiberias and then succeeded in obtaining a general pardon from him for those Jews who had committed offenses against Christians under Persian rule. Benjamin accompanied Heraclius to Jerusalem in 629, and on the way the emperor succeeded in persuading him to be converted. He was baptized in the house of Eustathios, an influential Christian living in Neapolis (now Nablus). In Jerusalem the members of the Christian clergy influenced Heraclius to break the promise which he had given to the Jews through the intervention of Benjamin; the emperor condemned many of them to death, and prohibited the Jews from living in Jerusalem or within a three-mile radius of the city. There is no further mention of Benjamin in historical sources. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Avi-Yonah, Bi-Ymei Roma u-Bizantyon (19522), 190, 200f. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TIBERIAS — (Heb. טְבֶרְיָה), city on the western shore of Lake Kinneret (the Sea of Galilee), and the largest settlement in the Jordan Valley. The name usually appears in the Jerusalem Talmud as Tivveryah, and in the Babylonian Talmud as Teverya. The city… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BENJAMIN (Ben Jonah) OF TUDELA — (second half of 12th century), the greatest medieval Jewish traveler. Nothing whatsoever is known about him except that which emerges from his famous Sefer ha Massaʿot (Book of Travels). (See Map: Benjamin of Tudela s Travels.) He is frequently… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Benjamin of Tudela — (Benjamin ben Jonah) (12th century)    Medieval Spanish traveller. Benjamin, who came from the town of Tudela in northern Spain, was the roving reporter of Jewish life in the Mediterranean and Near East in the 12 century. Nothing is known of his… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • HISTORY — For Prehistory see archaeology ; for Biblical and Second Temple periods, see history . Destruction of the Second Temple until the Arab Conquest (70–640 C.E.) THE EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 66–70 C.E. The Jewish war against the Romans, which lasted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • History of Palestine — See also: Time periods in the region of Palestine and Timeline of the name Palestine The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, the region between the southern Mediterranean coastal plains and the Syrian… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Jewish leaders in the Land of Israel — The following is a list of Jewish leaders since the time of Abraham.For thousands of years, Jews have lived in their homeland, sometimes as an independent polity, sometimes not. Although at times the region was ruled by foreign empires Jews in… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in the Land of Israel — The History of the Jews in the Land of Israel begins with the ancient Israelites (also known as Hebrews), who settled in the land of Israel. The Israelites traced their common lineage to the biblical patriarch Abraham through Isaac and Jacob.… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolt against Heraclius — The Revolt against Heraclius (613–617) was a Jewish insurrection against the Byzantine Empire coming into aid of the Persian invaders.RevoltThe Jews of Palestine joined Persia in a revolt against Emperor Heraclius in order to liberate Jerusalem… …   Wikipedia

  • BYZANTINE EMPIRE — Jewish communities existed in the Byzantine Empire throughout its history, from the foundation of constantinople in 330 to the Ottoman conquest of the city in 1453. The centers of Jewish population and the status of the Jews there underwent… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FOURTH TO SEVENTH CENTURIES — reshaping of forces and circumstances Reshaping of Forces and Circumstances At the beginning of the fourth century the vast majority of the Jewish people were dispersed in Mediterranean countries, a distribution which continued for many centuries …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”